ASEAN Krabi Initiative

ASEAN Krabi Initiative

National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office

 

            The ASEAN Krabi Initiative was the outcome of the ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (ASEAN COST) Retreat on the “Future of Science, Technology, and Innovation (STI): 2015 and Beyond”, held in Krabi province, Thailand during 11-12 December 2010. The Initiative was finally endorsed by the ministers of science and technology of all ten ASEAN countries at the 6th Informal ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Science and Technology (IAMMST) Meeting on 17 December 2010 as a strategic direction to raise competitiveness for sustainable and inclusive ASEAN using STI. Since then, the ASEAN Krabi Initiative has been used to enhance the current ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology (APAST 2011-2015) and referenced in the preparation of the next APAST beyond 2015.

            The ASEAN Krabi Initiative identifies the following eight thematic tracks as the key areas to be pursued:

1. ASEAN Innovation for Global Market

ASEAN innovation through science and technology can benefit both ASEAN and global markets. Locally, ASEAN indigenous capabilities in products and services can benefit common people, raising quality of life both in the form of appropriate and emerging technologies. Utilizing our locally available resources and innovation can also extend to the global markets and contribute to ASEAN competitiveness.

 

2. Digital Economy, New Media and Social Networking

The revolution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) paves the way for a more pervasive and knowledge-based society. In this regard, ASEAN in the digital age must make sure the accessibility and affordability of ICT and useful applications covering social networking, mobile communication, disaster management, healthcare improvement and gender equality to name a few.

 

3. Green Technology

Climate change is starting to show visible impact globally. In response to the increasing demand for industrial production to be more environmental friendly, STI should play a pivotal role in upgrading the industry by making use of low-carbon and cleaner technology. STI for mitigation and adaptation to climate change will be crucial for ASEAN sustainable development.

 

4. Food Security

STI plays a vital role in ensuring food security for ASEAN 600 million population. From productivity improvement and optimization, appropriate mechanization of farms, appropriate food safety standards and access to adequate nutritional requirement to modern biotechnology that cater for both food and energy security. ASEAN should also extend our capacity in food production to dialogue partners including China and India.

 

5. Energy Security

The fluctuation of oil price and the increasing global demand of energy for economic development make it necessary for ASEAN to ensure energy security in the region. STI is vital in increasing energy efficiency and developing next-generation alternative energy sources.

 

6. Water Management

Realizing that water is critical to both living and production, ASEAN should utilize STI in effective water management. In order to ensure stable access to clean water, innovations should be extensively promoted to facilitate water utilization and waste water treatment, mitigate disaster from flood and prevent water scarcity.

 

7. Biodiversity for Health and Wealth

ASEAN is one of the most biodiversity-rich region in the world. Efforts should be made in preservation and appropriate use of this resource for the improvement of health and value creation. In this regard, STI is instrumental in collective discovery of new species, developing effective preservation methods and create values from biodiversity and its applications in food, health and energy areas.

 

8. Science and Innovation for Life

The future of ASEAN is in the hands of our youth today. ASEAN youth who are well-equipped with science literacy and technology competency are the hope for ASEAN prosperity. Creativity and passion in STI instilled in our youth will pave the way for the capacity building and life-long learning of future ASEAN population. This entails innovative ecosystem in schools, vocational and higher education institutions as well as bridging learning system to professions and career path.

 

            Recognising the past practices of the ASEAN scientific community where S&T activities were mostly confined to academic domains, the ASEAN Krabi Initiative recommends a paradigm shift to bring about benefits of science to the ASEAN citizens.  These include:

 

1. STI Enculturation

There is the need to mainstream science, technology and innovation (STI) into ASEAN citizens’ ways of lives. Innovation eco-systems are to be created in ASEAN community at all levels. Due recognitions are given to citizens with outstanding STI achievements as the role models.

2. Bottom-of-the-Pyramid Focus

Transforming the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint emphasis on human development necessitates the improvement of quality of life of ASEAN population. Special attention should be given to the majority of the ASEAN population - the bottom-of-the-pyramid. In this regard, consideration must be accorded to the outcomes of STI addressing on human basic needs such as foods, habitat, health, and access to information and knowledge.

3. Youth-Focused Innovation

Recognizing the vibrancy and dynamism of ASEAN young generation, particular emphasis must be given to the ASEAN youths by enriching their living and learning environment with STI as an important foundation. Opportunities for young people to enhance their STI potentials and entrepreneurship are to be enlarged. Examples of measures to be taken include Young ASEAN STI Awards, cross-country attachment program and seed funding to support youth-focused innovations.

4. STI for Green Society

To be well prepared for the challenges of climate changes, ASEAN community needs Green STI integration platform in its transformation towards low-carbon society. Science-based public awareness on environmental-friendly life style is to be instilled.  Appropriate technologies and green innovations are to be promoted among ASEAN member countries in order to become competitive and yet remain sustainable.

5. Public-Private Partnership Platform

The ASEAN private sector previously assuming limited role in scientific and technological activities should be mobilized to the forefront of the novel STI era. Public-Private Partnership should be strengthened through proactive dialogs and establishments of engaging platforms such as government-linked-companies and corporate social responsibility activities. 

 

                        To operationalise the implementation of the ASEAN Krabi Initiative, the following courses of action are suggested:

1.  The ASEAN Committee on Science and Technology (COST) may need to undertake organisational restructuring for a meaningful delivery of STI agenda in ASEAN, taking into account, among others, the following:

  • Enhancing the roles, responsibilities, and selection of the Chair of COST, Sub-Committees, advisory bodies, and other groups under the purview of COST;
  • Appropriate measures such as clustering approach to enhance coordination not only within COST but inter-sectoral coordination across the many ASEAN bodies that may have similar interventions in order to achieve efficiency and effectiveness in the implementation of prioritized activities and to avoid duplication; and
  • Identification of gaps and challenges in the implementation of science, technology and innovation interventions, including measures to address the gaps and challenges.

 

2. Develop a mechanism to effectively pursue partnerships and cooperation with the public and private sectors in promoting science, technology and innovation;

 

3. Enhance the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology for 2012-2015 and to leverage the recommendations of the Krabi Retreat for development of APAST beyond 2015;  and

 

4. Implement a results-based monitoring and evaluation mechanism for the implementation of the STI thematic tracks, the enhanced ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology, and the relevant actions in the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint.

 

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เขียนโดย AseanSTI Admin    เมื่อวันที่ 24-01-2557    เวลา 06:10:19
แก้ไขเมื่อวันที่ 24-01-2557    เวลา 07:09:44
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